Abington Heights High School
Physics
Practice Quiz Chapter 28 - Quiz 1
1. Which model of atomic structure was developed to explain the results of the experiment shown?

A.Bohr model
B.nuclear atom
C.billiard ball atom
D.plum-pudding model
E.quantum mechanical atom
2. Which one of the following statements concerning the plum-pudding model of the atom is false?
A.There is no nucleus at the center of the plum-pudding model atom.
B.The plum-pudding model was proven to be correct in experiments by Ernest Rutherford.
C.The plum-pudding model was proposed by Joseph J. Thomson.
D.Positive charge is spread uniformly throughout the plum-pudding model atom.
E.Negative electrons are dispersed uniformly within the positively charged "pudding" within the plum-pudding model atom.
3. In the planetary model of the atom where electrons orbit a centralized nucleus, what is the approximate ratio of the radius of the nucleus to that of the electron orbits, rn/re?
A.105
B.10-3
C.103
D.10-5
E.10-7
4. The nucleus of a certain atom has a radius of 4.0 ´ 10-15 m. An electron orbits the nucleus at a radius of 1.5 ´ 10-10 m. Imagine the electron orbit is on the surface of a sphere and that the shape of the nucleus is spherical. Approximately how many nuclei would fit into the sphere on which the electron orbits?
A.5.3 ´ 1013
B.4.9 ´ 1011
C.1.4 ´ 109
D.7.5 ´ 107
E.38 000
5. Each atom in the periodic table has unique set of spectral lines. Which one of the following statements is the best explanation for this observation?
A.Each atom has a dense central nucleus.
B.The electrons in atoms orbit the nucleus.
C.Each atom has a unique set of energy levels.
D.The electrons in atoms are in constant motion.
E.Each atom is composed of positive and negative charges.
6. Each atom in the periodic table has a unique set of spectral lines. The model of atomic structure that provides the best explanation for this observation was proposed by
A.Balmer.
B.Bohr.
C.Einstein.
D.Rutherford.
E.Thomson.
7. Which one of the following pairs of characteristics of light is best explained by assuming that light can be described in terms of photons?
A.photoelectric effect and the effect observed in Young's experiment
B.diffraction and the formation of atomic spectra
C.polarization and the photoelectric effect
D.existence of line spectra and the photoelectric effect
E.polarization and the formation of line spectra
8. Which one of the following statements is the assumption that Niels Bohr made about the angular momentum of the electron in the hydrogen atom?
A.The angular momentum of the electron is zero.
B.The angular momentum can assume only certain discrete values.
C.Angular momentum is not quantized.
D.The angular momentum can assume any value greater than zero because it's proportional to the radius of the orbit.
E.The angular momentum is independent of the mass of the electron.
9. Why was it necessary to Bohr to require that electrons remain in stationary orbits?
A.An electron must travel in a circular path.
B.It was required by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
C.No two electrons can be in the same region in the atom.
D.It was required by the Pauli exclusion principle.
E.Classical physics predicts that the electron should spiral into the nucleus.
10. Complete the following statement: For the ground state of the hydrogen atom, the Bohr model correctly predicts
A.only the energy.
B.only the angular momentum.
C.only the angular momentum and the spin.
D.the angular momentum and the energy.
E.the energy, the angular momentum, and the spin.
11. Complete the following statement: An individual copper atom emits electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths that are
A.evenly spaced across the spectrum.
B.unique to that particular copper atom.
C.the same as other elements in the same column of the periodic table.
D.unique to all copper atoms.
E.the same as those of all elements.
12. Electrons have been removed from a beryllium atom (Z = 4) until only one remains. Determine the energy of the photon that can be emitted if the remaining electron is in the n = 2 level.
A.13.6 eV
B.54.4 eV
C.122 eV
D.163 eV
E.218 eV
13. Determine the wavelength of incident electromagnetic radiation required to cause an electron transition from the n = 6 to the n = 8 level in a hydrogen atom.
A.1.2 ´ 103 nm
B.2.2 ´ 103 nm
C.3.4 ´ 103 nm
D.5.9 ´ 103 nm
E.7.5 ´ 103 nm
14. The second ionization energy (the energy required to remove the second outermost electron) of calcium is 11.9 eV. Determine the maximum wavelength of incident radiation that can be used to remove the second electron from a calcium atom?
A.16.6 nm
B.52 nm
C.104 nm
D.208 nm
E.416 nm
15. Which one of the following will result in an electron transition from the n = 4 level to the n = 7 level in a hydrogen atom?
A.emission of a 0.28 eV photon
B.emission of a 0.57 eV photon
C.emission of a 0.85 eV photon
D.absorption of a 0.28 eV photon
E.absorption of a 0.57 eV photon
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